How Artificial Intelligence is Revolutionizing the Education SystemJuly 6, 2017
In 2016, Google’s artificially intelligent system “AlphaGo” beat the world’s top-ranked player of Go, which is an ancient Asian strategy game that is much more complex than chess. The AI programmers actually never taught the system how to play. Instead, they created a brain-like neural network that taught itself how to play by practicing millions of times. Artificial intelligence is also being used to enhance and revolutionize educational system practices and platforms.
Virtual Facilitators and Learning Environments
Distance education platforms in colleges usually rely on asynchronous courses are facilitated by instructors, but not conducted in real-time. While only a few educators want virtual instructors to replace human educators, artificial intelligence is being used to create digital guides and virtual facilitators for use in educational environments. For example, The University of Southern California (USC) has pioneered smart virtual applications and environments that use animation, 3-D gaming, and artificial intelligence to generate realistic social interactions and authentic avatar characters. USC’s Captivating Virtual Instruction for Training (CVIT) blends virtual technologies with live classroom methods for remote training programs that offer intelligent tutoring and augmented reality.
Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Benjamin Bloom, who was one of the country’s most influential educational psychologists, published his mastery learning principles in the 1970’s. His insightful research demonstrated the drastic need for individualized tutoring and classroom instruction. Creating a one-on-one tutoring system that offers enrichment activities, targeted feedback, personalized curriculum and opportunities for corrected practice has always been a goal of artificial intelligence programmers. Today, intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) may use things like cognitive science and advanced technologies to provide real-time feedback and personalized tutoring. Virtual tutoring systems can’t replace a human, but they offer flexibility, convenience, and differentiated learning.
Smart content includes digitized study guides and customizable learning interfaces for elementary and post-secondary students. For example, smart study guides break down and explain textbook content through flashcards, chapter summaries, practice tests and true-false questions. Smart digital content platforms deliver interactive content, practice exercises, real-time feedback and comprehensive assessments. The beauty of smart platforms is that they allow educators to design customizable content and curriculums that work on different devices. Multimedia elements, such as audio and video, create realistic classroom environments. These platforms integrate well with self-assessments, simulation systems, gamification techniques and video conferencing.
Crowdsourcing is mostly used for outsourcing workers and funding drives, but it is also being used to match the right tutor with the right student. Online service websites use artificial intelligence and machine learning to match singles together, so they naturally can be used to match tutors and tutees together. There are educational social networks that help hundreds of thousands of students collaborate and support each other across the country and globe. These networks use complex machine learning algorithms to filter spam, minimize low-quality content and help moderators provide individualized services to students. These social media platforms even make friend suggestions based on areas of interest and help needed.
Problem Identification and Solving
Many teachers and professors have hundreds of students who learn at different paces and have different progress rates, so it’s challenging to identify and deal with their specific educational needs. Artificial intelligence solutions complement in-class teaching because they do not use the traditional one-size-fits-all approach. For example, artificial intelligence algorithms can analyze data to establish patterns, provide insights and identify learning gaps. Some educational institutions and platforms use artificial intelligence solutions to analyze years of teacher interaction and student performance data to detect trends and prevent problems.
Artificial intelligence solutions and systems provide personalized experiences and supplemental support to students, teachers, and administrators. Forbes magazine offers an overview of the future of artificial intelligence in the education system here.